Wednesday, October 08, 2008
Κατακορυφη Πτωση Ολλων των Αγγλικων Τραπεζων
Η κυβερνηση Μπραουν αντιμετωπη με κατακορυφη πτωση των μετοχων μεγαλων τραπεζων τωρα ειπε οτι θα δωσει λεφτα να τις υποστηριξη. Σαν να ριχνεις νερο σε ενα καραβι που βουλιαζει και να περιμενεις να μην πνιγεις με λιγα λογια...
Rescue plan for UK banks unveiled
Gordon Brown on government help for banks and savers
The UK government has announced details of a rescue package for the banking system worth up to £50bn ($88bn).
It will initially make the extra capital available to eight of the UK's largest banks and building societies in return for preference shares in them.
It is "designed to put the British banking system on a sounder footing", said Prime Minister Gordon Brown.
But the FTSE 100 in London fell 5%. HBOS shares rose 26% but Barclays fell 11% and Standard Chartered dropped 13%.
Taking taxpayers' money will not be a licence to trade as normal
Robert Peston, BBC business editor
Read Robert Peston's blog
Treasury statement in full
World in turmoil
Parties support plan
Latest at a glance
Reaction to the plan
The key points of the plan are:
* Banks will have to increase their capital by at least £25bn and can borrow from the government to do so.
* An additional £25bn in extra capital will be available in exchange for preference shares.
* £200bn will be available in short-term loans from the Bank of England, up from £100bn.
* Up to £250bn in loan guarantees will be available at commercial rates to encourage banks to lend to each other.
* To participate in the scheme banks will have to sign up to an FSA agreement on executive pay and dividends.
Much of the current crisis has been caused by the banks' unwillingness to lend to each other, so the government hopes that if those loans can be guaranteed then lending will resume.
BANKS SIGNED UP
Nationwide Building Society
Royal Bank of Scotland
See banking sector shares
Q&A: The bank rescue and you
"This is beginning a process of un-bunging a big problem where banks won't lend to each other for long periods," Mr Darling said.
The lenders that have confirmed they will take part in aspects of the scheme are Abbey, Barclays, HBOS, HSBC, Lloyds TSB, Nationwide Building Society, Royal Bank of Scotland and Standard Chartered.
The Treasury said that other banks and building societies would be able to apply for inclusion in the plan.
Preference shares pay a fixed rate of interest instead of a dividend, which has to be paid before other shareholders receive anything, but they do not carry voting rights.
Taxpayers may even end up making a profit from the shares, but that is by no means guaranteed.
BBC business editor Robert Peston said there would be strings attached for banks that take the government money.
"Taking taxpayers' money will not be a licence to trade as normal," he said.
Negotiations will take place with each participating institution that will require them to extend normal credit lines to homeowners and small businesses, in addition to rules on executive pay and dividends to other shareholders.
'Stop the panic'
It is hoped that the deal will get the money markets going again and assure the future of the banking system.
"They've got additional capital now if they want it, they've got an unlimited source of liquidity," said Terry Smith, chief executive of the money brokers, Tullett Prebon.
"That certainly should stop the panic in terms of people wondering whether or not the banks are safe."
The deal has also been welcomed by the banks.
"The government's announcement represents a very real and serious intention on the part of the authorities, following consultation with the banking industry, to bring stability and certainty to the UK banking system," HBOS said in a statement.
Barclays, Lloyds TSB and RBS also issued statement welcoming it.
HSBC also welcomed the plan but said it did not intend to use the recapitalisation scheme.